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Typha latifolia

Common cattail
Typha latifolia
Photo 1. General image of Typha latifolia

Description

Typha latifolia, commonly known as Common cattail, is a provincially yellow listed aquatic plant in BC. Federally it is not listed. with a perennial lifecycle. They are commonly found in riparian, stream, fen, marsh, vernal pools, seeps, disturbed, urban, rural, old growth or undisturbed habitats.

Typha latifolia is a aquatic plant that is 100-300 cm tall. The leaves are thick. The leaf shape is lorate (having the form of a thong or strap). Their surface is flat. Their edges are entire. and 8-20 mm wide. The stems form is erect. brown pedals or sepals. and slightly wider than the female. Fruit are approximately about 1 mm long The fruit are hairy. It has a rhizome root structure.

Their prefered habitat is riparian, stream, fen, marsh, vernal pools, seeps, disturbed, urban, rural, old growth or undisturbed. Sun exposure is typically full sun, full sun or sun or shade. They typically grow in loamy, gravel or organic soil. Moisture requirements are freshwater seasonal, freshwater seasonal, saturated soil, saturated soil, freshwater permanent, freshwater obligate or brackish intertidal. And the pH requirements are slightly acidic, neutral or moderately acidic. It can be found from 0 m to 500 m in elevation. It can be found in British Columbia, Canada. Typha latifolia is found in the coastal-western-hemlock biogeoclimatic zone(s).

ClassificationProtection StatusLocation
Type:
Domain:
Kingdom:
Phylum/Division:
Class/Clade:
Order/Series:
Family:
Genus:Typha
Species:Typha latifolia
Population:
British Columbia Red Listed Blue Listed Yellow Listed Exotic Listed Invasive Listed Noxious Listed
Species at Risk Act Endangered Least Concern Not Listed
World Status Extinct EW CR EN VU NT Least Concern
Municipalities
BC Biogeoclimatic Subzones Site Series
BC Biogeoclimatic Subzones
BC Biogeoclimatic Zones
BC Forest District
Provinces AB BC NB NL NT NS NU ON PE QC SK
Countries
Continents NA SA EU AS AF AU AN
Identification
Line drawing of Typha latifolia

General

Height
Life Cycle
Habit Tufted Creeping Stolon

Leafs

Length
Width
Surface Flat Keeled Smooth Ridged Hairy Pleated Wharted Groved Rough
Leaf Tip
Entire Leaf Shape
Leaf Base
Leaf Attachment
Edge
Arrangement
Thinkness Thin Thick Fleshy

Inflorescence

Length
Width
# (Pedals or Sepal) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 many pea irregular
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Fruit

Length
Width
Shape Egg Shaped Hairy Silky Smooth Winged
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Seeds

Length
Width
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Stem

Texture Smooth Ridges Furrows Fissures Plates Peeling Scales Flaking Horizontal Lines Shredding Corky Blocky Hairy Spiny Thorny
Form Creeping Twinning Stiff Soft Woody Erect Ascending
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Roots

Type Fibrous Tap Rhizome Fusiform Hairy
Habitat Requirements
Type
Marine Beach Sand Dune Bluff Riparian Stream Bog Fen Marsh Swamp Meadow
Vernal Pools Seasonal Seeps Mountains Mixed Forest Deciduous Forest Conifer Forest Gary Oak Grassland Desert Sagebrush Steppe
Disturbed Urban Rural Old Growth Undisturbed
Sunlight
Full Sun Mix Sun Shade Shade
Moisture
Marine Subtidal Marine Intertidal Brackish Intertidal Freshwater Obligate Freshwater Permanent Freshwater Seasonal Saturated Soil Moist Soil Dry Soil
pH
4 5 6 7 8
Elevation
Sea Level 500 m 1000 m 1500 m 2000 m
Soil
Organic Loam Sand Gravel Rocky

Life History

Age to Bloom12345678910>10
Max Age
BloomJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
FruitJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
SeedJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

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