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Polystichum munitum

Sword fern
Polystichum munitum
Photo 1. General image of Polystichum munitum

Description

Polystichum munitum, commonly known as Sword fern, is a provincially yellow listed fern in BC. Federally it is not listed. with a perennial lifecycle. They are commonly found in riparian, mixed forest, conifer forest, rural, old growth or undisturbed habitats.

Polystichum munitum is a fernThe leaf shape is oblong (having an elongated form with slightly parallel sides, roughly rectangular). Their edges are denticulate. Leaves are arranged even pinnatee. Leaves are pinnae oblong and 5-25 cm wide. The stems form is soft and ascending. The stem is green in colour. It has a rhizome root structure.

Their prefered habitat is riparian, mixed forest, conifer forest, rural, old growth or undisturbed. Sun exposure is typically shade. They typically grow in loamy or organic soil. Moisture requirements are moist soil. And the pH requirements are moderately acidic, slightly acidic or neutral. It can be found from 0 m to 500 m in elevation. It can be found in British Columbia, Canada. Polystichum munitum is found in the coastal-western-hemlock biogeoclimatic zone(s).

ClassificationProtection StatusLocation
Type:
Domain:
Kingdom:
Phylum/Division:
Class/Clade:
Order/Series:
Family:
Genus:Polystichum
Species:Polystichum munitum
Population:
British Columbia Red Listed Blue Listed Yellow Listed Exotic Listed Invasive Listed Noxious Listed
Species at Risk Act Endangered Least Concern Not Listed
World Status Extinct EW CR EN VU NT Least Concern
Municipalities
BC Biogeoclimatic Subzones Site Series
BC Biogeoclimatic Subzones
BC Biogeoclimatic Zones
BC Forest District
Provinces AB BC NB NL NT NS NU ON PE QC SK
Countries
Continents NA SA EU AS AF AU AN
Identification
Line drawing of Polystichum munitum

General

Height
Life Cycle
Habit Tufted Creeping Stolon

Leafs

Length
Width
Surface Flat Keeled Smooth Ridged Hairy Pleated Wharted Groved Rough
Leaf Tip
Entire Leaf Shape
Leaf Base
Leaf Attachment
Edge
Arrangement
Thinkness Thin Thick Fleshy

Inflorescence

Length
Width
# (Pedals or Sepal) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 many pea irregular
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Fruit

Length
Width
Shape Egg Shaped Hairy Silky Smooth Winged
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Seeds

Length
Width
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Stem

Texture Smooth Ridges Furrows Fissures Plates Peeling Scales Flaking Horizontal Lines Shredding Corky Blocky Hairy Spiny Thorny
Form Creeping Twinning Stiff Soft Woody Erect Ascending
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Roots

Type Fibrous Tap Rhizome Fusiform Hairy
Habitat Requirements
Type
Marine Beach Sand Dune Bluff Riparian Stream Bog Fen Marsh Swamp Meadow
Vernal Pools Seasonal Seeps Mountains Mixed Forest Deciduous Forest Conifer Forest Gary Oak Grassland Desert Sagebrush Steppe
Disturbed Urban Rural Old Growth Undisturbed
Sunlight
Full Sun Mix Sun Shade Shade
Moisture
Marine Subtidal Marine Intertidal Brackish Intertidal Freshwater Obligate Freshwater Permanent Freshwater Seasonal Saturated Soil Moist Soil Dry Soil
pH
4 5 6 7 8
Elevation
Sea Level 500 m 1000 m 1500 m 2000 m
Soil
Organic Loam Sand Gravel Rocky

Life History

Age to Bloom12345678910>10
Max Age
BloomJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
FruitJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
SeedJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

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