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Montia chamissoi

Chamisso's montia of water minerslettuce,[2] water montia, Indian lettuce, and toad lily
Montia chamissoi
Photo 1. General image of Montia chamissoi

Description

Montia chamissoi, commonly known as Chamisso's montia of water minerslettuce,[2] water montia, Indian lettuce, and toad lily, is a provincially red listed flowering plant in BC. Federally it is not listed. It is part of the family. It is a dicot with a perennial lifecycle. They are commonly found in beach, riparian, stream or marsh habitats.

Montia chamissoi is a flowering plant that is 5-20 cm tall. The leaf shape is elliptic (oval, with a short or no point) or oblong (having an elongated form with slightly parallel sides, roughly rectangular). Leaves are arranged opposite or rosette. Leaves are 1-5 cm long and 0.2-1.8 cm wide. The stems form is erect. The flowers have 5 white or pink pedals or sepals. Flowers are terminal and axillary racemes with several flowers (which are sometimes replaced by bulblets) on stalks 8-30 mm long. Fruit are black in colour and approximately 1-3 mm long It has a rhizome root structure.

Their prefered habitat is beach, riparian, stream or marsh. Sun exposure is typically full sun, full sun, full sun or sun or shade. They typically grow in gravel, organic, loamy or sandy soil. Moisture requirements are freshwater seasonal, saturated soil or moist soil. And the pH requirements are slightly acidic or neutral. It can be found from 0 m to 1500 m in elevation. It can be found in British Columbia, Canada. Montia chamissoi is found in the sub-boreal-pine-spruce or coastal-western-hemlock biogeoclimatic zone(s).

ClassificationProtection StatusLocation
Type:
Domain:
Kingdom:Plantaeplant
Phylum/Division:Anthophytaflowering plant
Class/Clade:Dicotyledoneaedicot
Order/Series:Caryophyllales
Family:Portulacaceae
Genus:Montia
Species:Montia chamissoi
Population:
British Columbia Red Listed Blue Listed Yellow Listed Exotic Listed Invasive Listed Noxious Listed
Species at Risk Act Endangered Least Concern Not Listed
World Status Extinct EW CR EN VU NT Least Concern
Municipalities
BC Biogeoclimatic Subzones Site Series
BC Biogeoclimatic Subzones
BC Biogeoclimatic Zones
BC Forest District
Provinces AB BC NB NL NT NS NU ON PE QC SK
Countries
Continents NA SA EU AS AF AU AN
Identification
Line drawing of Montia chamissoi

General

Height
Life Cycle
Habit Tufted Creeping Stolon

Leafs

Length
Width
Surface Flat Keeled Smooth Ridged Hairy Pleated Wharted Groved Rough
Leaf Tip
Entire Leaf Shape
Leaf Base
Leaf Attachment
Edge
Arrangement
Thinkness Thin Thick Fleshy

Inflorescence

Length
Width
# (Pedals or Sepal) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 many pea irregular
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Fruit

Length
Width
Shape Egg Shaped Hairy Silky Smooth Winged
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Seeds

Length
Width
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Stem

Texture Smooth Ridges Furrows Fissures Plates Peeling Scales Flaking Horizontal Lines Shredding Corky Blocky Hairy Spiny Thorny
Form Creeping Twinning Stiff Soft Woody Erect Ascending
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Roots

Type Fibrous Tap Rhizome Fusiform Hairy
Habitat Requirements
Type
Marine Beach Sand Dune Bluff Riparian Stream Bog Fen Marsh Swamp Meadow
Vernal Pools Seasonal Seeps Mountains Mixed Forest Deciduous Forest Conifer Forest Gary Oak Grassland Desert Sagebrush Steppe
Disturbed Urban Rural Old Growth Undisturbed
Sunlight
Full Sun Mix Sun Shade Shade
Moisture
Marine Subtidal Marine Intertidal Brackish Intertidal Freshwater Obligate Freshwater Permanent Freshwater Seasonal Saturated Soil Moist Soil Dry Soil
pH
4 5 6 7 8
Elevation
Sea Level 500 m 1000 m 1500 m 2000 m
Soil
Organic Loam Sand Gravel Rocky

Life History

Age to Bloom12345678910>10
Max Age
BloomJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
FruitJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
SeedJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

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