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Betula pendula

Silver birch
Betula pendula
Photo 1. General image of Betula pendula

Description

Betula pendula, commonly known as Silver birch, is a provincially yellow listed in BC. Federally it is not listed. It is part of the birch family. They are commonly found in mixed forest or deciduous forest habitats.

Betula pendula is a that is 10-30 m tall. The leaves are thin. The leaf shape is deltoid (shaped like greek letter delta, triangular, stem attaches to side), rhomboid (diamond-shaped), pennatilobe or acute (pointed, having a short sharp apex angled less than 90 degrees). Their edges are dentate, serrate or double serrate. Leaves are arranged alternate. Leaves are 1-6 cm long. The stems form is woody, stiff and erect. The stem is white or black in colour and has a peeling surface. Flowers are the male 3-6 cm long. Fruit are at least twice as wide as the body of the nutlets. The fruit are winged.

Their prefered habitat is mixed forest or deciduous forest. Sun exposure is typically full sun or sun or shade. They typically grow in organic, gravel or loamy soil. Moisture requirements are moist soil. And the pH requirements are neutral. It can be found from 0 m to 500 m in elevation. It can be found in British Columbia, Canada. Betula pendula is found in the coastal-western-hemlock biogeoclimatic zone(s).

ClassificationProtection StatusLocation
Type:
Domain:
Kingdom:Plant
Phylum/Division:
Class/Clade:
Order/Series:Fagales
Family:Betulaceaebirch
Genus:Betula
Species:Betula pendula
Population:
British Columbia Red Listed Blue Listed Yellow Listed Exotic Listed Invasive Listed Noxious Listed
Species at Risk Act Endangered Least Concern Not Listed
World Status Extinct EW CR EN VU NT Least Concern
Municipalities
BC Biogeoclimatic Subzones Site Series
BC Biogeoclimatic Subzones
BC Biogeoclimatic Zones
BC Forest District
Provinces AB BC NB NL NT NS NU ON PE QC SK
Countries
Continents NA SA EU AS AF AU AN
Identification
Line drawing of Betula pendula

General

Height
Life Cycle
Habit Tufted Creeping Stolon

Leafs

Length
Width
Surface Flat Keeled Smooth Ridged Hairy Pleated Wharted Groved Rough
Leaf Tip
Entire Leaf Shape
Leaf Base
Leaf Attachment
Edge
Arrangement
Thinkness Thin Thick Fleshy

Inflorescence

Length
Width
# (Pedals or Sepal) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 many pea irregular
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Fruit

Length
Width
Shape Egg Shaped Hairy Silky Smooth Winged
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Seeds

Length
Width
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Stem

Texture Smooth Ridges Furrows Fissures Plates Peeling Scales Flaking Horizontal Lines Shredding Corky Blocky Hairy Spiny Thorny
Form Creeping Twinning Stiff Soft Woody Erect Ascending
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Roots

Type Fibrous Tap Rhizome Fusiform Hairy
Habitat Requirements
Type
Marine Beach Sand Dune Bluff Riparian Stream Bog Fen Marsh Swamp Meadow
Vernal Pools Seasonal Seeps Mountains Mixed Forest Deciduous Forest Conifer Forest Gary Oak Grassland Desert Sagebrush Steppe
Disturbed Urban Rural Old Growth Undisturbed
Sunlight
Full Sun Mix Sun Shade Shade
Moisture
Marine Subtidal Marine Intertidal Brackish Intertidal Freshwater Obligate Freshwater Permanent Freshwater Seasonal Saturated Soil Moist Soil Dry Soil
pH
4 5 6 7 8
Elevation
Sea Level 500 m 1000 m 1500 m 2000 m
Soil
Organic Loam Sand Gravel Rocky

Life History

Age to Bloom12345678910>10
Max Age
BloomJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
FruitJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
SeedJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

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