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Abronia latifolia

yellow sand-verbena
Abronia latifolia
Photo 1. General image of Abronia latifolia

Description

Abronia latifolia, commonly known as yellow sand-verbena, is a provincially red listed flowering plant in BC. Federally it is not listed. It is part of the four o'clock family. It is a dicot with a perennial lifecycle. They are commonly found in beach or sand dune habitats.

Abronia latifolia is a flowering plant that is to 2 m long. The leaves are thick or fleshy. The leaf shape is cordate (heart-shaped, with the petiole or stem attached to the notch), deltoid (shaped like greek letter delta, triangular, stem attaches to side) or subotuse. Their surface is flat or smooth. Their edges are entire. Leaves are arranged opposite. Leaves are 1.5 - 5 cm and .8 - 2.5 cm. The stems form is creeping. The stem is brown in colour and has a hairy surface. The flowers have 5 green, yellow or orange pedals or sepals. Flowers are .5 cm and .5 cm. Fruit are green, brown or black in colour and approximately 10 mm and 5 mm. The fruit are winged. It has a fusiform, tap or hairy root structure.

Their prefered habitat is beach or sand dune. Sun exposure is typically full sun. They typically grow in sandy soil. Moisture requirements are dry. And the pH requirements are neutral. It can be found from 0 m to 0 m in elevation. It can be found in British Columbia, Canada. Abronia latifolia is found in the coastal-douglas-fir or coastal-western-hemlock biogeoclimatic zone(s). It is found in North America. It has been observed in Tofino, Ucluelet or Pacific Rim National Park.

ClassificationProtection StatusLocation
Type:
Domain:
Kingdom:Plantaeplant
Phylum/Division:Anthophytaflowering plant
Class/Clade:Dicotyledoneaedicot
Order/Series:Caryophyllales
Family:Nyctaginaceaefour o'clock
Genus:Abronia
Species:Abronia latifolia
Population:
British Columbia Red Listed Blue Listed Yellow Listed Exotic Listed Invasive Listed Noxious Listed
Species at Risk Act Endangered Least Concern Not Listed
World Status Extinct EW CR EN VU NT Least Concern
Municipalities
BC Biogeoclimatic Subzones Site Series
BC Biogeoclimatic Subzones
BC Biogeoclimatic Zones
BC Forest District
Provinces AB BC NB NL NT NS NU ON PE QC SK
Countries
Continents NA SA EU AS AF AU AN
Identification
Line drawing of Abronia latifolia

General

Height
Life Cycle
Habit Tufted Creeping Stolon

Leafs

Length
Width
Surface Flat Keeled Smooth Ridged Hairy Pleated Wharted Groved Rough
Leaf Tip
Entire Leaf Shape
Leaf Base
Leaf Attachment
Edge
Arrangement
Thinkness Thin Thick Fleshy

Inflorescence

Length
Width
# (Pedals or Sepal) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 many pea irregular
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Fruit

Length
Width
Shape Egg Shaped Hairy Silky Smooth Winged
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Seeds

Length
Width
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Stem

Texture Smooth Ridges Furrows Fissures Plates Peeling Scales Flaking Horizontal Lines Shredding Corky Blocky Hairy Spiny Thorny
Form Creeping Twinning Stiff Soft Woody Erect Ascending
Colour White Pink Purple Blue Green Yellow Orange Red Brown Black

Roots

Type Fibrous Tap Rhizome Fusiform Hairy
Habitat Requirements
Type
Marine Beach Sand Dune Bluff Riparian Stream Bog Fen Marsh Swamp Meadow
Vernal Pools Seasonal Seeps Mountains Mixed Forest Deciduous Forest Conifer Forest Gary Oak Grassland Desert Sagebrush Steppe
Disturbed Urban Rural Old Growth Undisturbed
Sunlight
Full Sun Mix Sun Shade Shade
Moisture
Marine Subtidal Marine Intertidal Brackish Intertidal Freshwater Obligate Freshwater Permanent Freshwater Seasonal Saturated Soil Moist Soil Dry Soil
pH
4 5 6 7 8
Elevation
Sea Level 500 m 1000 m 1500 m 2000 m
Soil
Organic Loam Sand Gravel Rocky

Life History

Age to Bloom12345678910>10
Max Age
BloomJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
FruitJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
SeedJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

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